What’s being discovered at Dublin’s third-levels?

Postgraduate degrees are increasingly useful for people who want to stand out in the jobs market. Much of the focus here has tended to be on taught masters programmes, but the skills picked up during a masters by research or a doctoral (PhD) programme are invaluable: you will learn about how to research and evaluate information and then effectively communicate what you have learned. We spoke to four students about their research projects and what’s next for them.

Lisa Koep, PhD candidate at the school of marketing in DIT’s college of business

Degrees of Research - Image: Lisa Koep.

Lisa Koep

How can firms communicate their achievements and aspirations in corporate social responsibility? Should they be boastful and risk the charge of ‘greenwashing’? Or should they be more modest and circumspect but risk not getting rewarded for their efforts? My research looks at these challenges, particularly as they affect the food industry.

I did my undergrad in economics and geography at Trinity College and then completed a masters in public relations at DIT. I then spent eight years as a manager with Lidl and experienced first-hand the difficulty of communicating CSR, so my research is allowing me delve into it further.

It’s important that research makes a practical contribution [to firms, families and broader society]

My research is funded through the Irish Research Council and Bord Bia through the IRC Enterprise Partnership Scheme. Research is expected to make a contribution to concepts and theory but it’s important that it also makes a practical contribution to firms, families and broader society.

It was a big challenge to get used to being back in academia after eight years working. A PhD project is a big commitment and it takes time to find the academic conversation you want to join. I’ve learned that I’m passionate about research and teaching around sustainability and CSR, and want to stay in this field.

Michael Cullinan, PhD candidate with the robotic research group in the mechanical and manufacturing engineering department, Trinity College Dublin

Degrees of Research - Image: Michael Cullinan.

Michael Cullinan

Our research group is mainly focused on personal service robots which help people in the home, do daily tasks or assist disabled or elderly people. This type of robot works in close proximity to people, often in environments which are constantly changing; safety is a critical issue.

My research is in the area of pneumatic artificial muscles. These are flexible tubes which, when inflated, increase their diameter and contract over their length. This can be used to actuate robots, pulling their limbs as the muscle contracts. But there are some barriers for use on mobile personal service robots, and my project aims to reduce some of these.

PhDs need to be a labour of love

I studied mechanical and manufacturing engineering at Trinity for five years and graduated with a masters degree. I have always enjoyed designing and making things, and found computer programming particularly enlightening while at college. I believe that robots have a vital role to play in our future society, but there are still a lot of practical questions to be answered and my research on actuation is a fundamental component of this.

The robotics department was relatively new when I started my PhD and this has given me great freedom to define the nature of the research but at the same time less certainty as to the direction, method and potential outcome.

PhDs need to be a labour of love as there can be many setbacks. Over the course of this work, I have become a more confident designer and researcher and hope this will showcase my abilities and set me up for a career in robotics and technology.

Gearóidín McEvoy, PhD candidate in minority language rights law, school of law and government, Dublin City University

Degrees of Research - Image: Gearóidín McEvoy.

Gearóidín McEvoy

My research focuses on the human rights of minority language speakers and how they struggle to access their rights. I am looking mainly at how people who speak minority languages experience great difficulties when they go to court and, often, their right to a fair trial is violated because there are little or no considerations or services provided to non-mainstream language speakers.

During my undergraduate in law and Irish at UCC, I was exposed to the issues faced by native Irish speakers when they try to use their language in public with state organisations. When I spent a semester abroad in the University of Montana, I saw the struggles faced by the Native American Blackfoot community who were attempting to preserve and protect their language, culture and identity. There were clear parallels to the Irish-speaking community. After my postgrad masters in international human rights law in Finland, I knew I wanted to learn more and to contribute to this field.

My research focuses on the human rights of minority language speakers

I’m really lucky to have two supervisors who are both very encouraging and supportive of my ideas. Ideally, I want to achieve changes in the way we view minority language speakers and their specific needs. I would love to see my research furthering the growing discussion on minority rights and highlighting the dangers we face when minority cultures and traditions are lost.

Shane McGarry, PhD candidate and IRC scholar at An Foras Feasa, Maynooth University

Degrees of Research - Image: Shane McGarry.

Shane McGarry

Studies have shown that how we read text on screen (ie digital text) is very different to how we read text on paper (i.e. print). We tend to skim digital text, treat it as less important, approach it in a non-linear fashion and spend less time on ‘close reading’. But we still tend to design reading interfaces that mimic print, such as ‘page turns’ and traditional footnotes; we need to start developing interfaces that support these ‘alternative’ ways of reading.

There is so much to do and you can struggle to keep a handle on everything especially as your research shifts

My study is examining new ways of designing for textual content on the web. I’ve always been fascinated by design and how it affects our interaction with systems. I’ve also found reading experiences in these types of digital environments to be very cumbersome, so I wanted to find a way to make it easier and more satisfying for the user.

Before this, I did a bachelor in Information Systems at Middle Tennessee State University and a masters in Digital Media and Design at Northeastern University in Boston and then spent 15 years in the private sector as a software engineer and manager.

PhDs are always challenging. There is so much to do and you can struggle to keep a handle on everything especially as your research shifts. That said, it is has been tremendously satisfying. Too often, we let our focus drift from aesthetics and the reflective nature of a system and we focus solely on the behavioural and functional aspects. I hope to start a conversation about the importance of design and questioning how design is often approached.

Peter McGuire is a freelance features and news journalist. He also works a researcher and editor. He is a regular contributor to The Irish Times and the Huffington Post, and has also written for the Irish Examiner, Sunday Business Post and Irish Independent.


The Third Level: From Vermont to Dublin - Ireland's third level system is highly popular. It’s also enticing a lot of international students to the country. Image: Ben Campbell-Rosbrook, Trinity College Dublin student.


The Third Level: From Vermont to Dublin

One American’s experience of studying in Dublin Ben Campbell Rosbrook is originally from Syracuse in upstate New York. After completing his undergraduate at a college in Vermont, he came to Ireland to do his Masters degree at Trinity College Dublin. That was back in 2016, but today he still lives in Dublin where he works as a commercial analyst. After Ben had been living in Dublin for a few months, Dublin.ie spoke to him about his experience of studying in the city. So what brought him to Dublin? Student life from an American’s perspective “I’m spending like half or a

World-class teacher: Professor Luke O'Neill - biochemist at Dublin's Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute and one of the world's leading immunologists.


World-class teacher: Luke O’Neill, immunologist

As Professor Luke O’Neill discovered recently, when you become a fellow of the extremely exclusive and august science club that is the Royal Society, you have to sign their book. Previous signatories include Newton, Boyle, Freud and Einstein (Oh, and superstar astrophysicist Brian Cox). Which makes the process rather nerve-wracking, according to O’Neill, a biochemist at Dublin’s Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute and one of the world’s leading immunologists. Luke O’Neill: There’s a practice, you don’t want to smudge your name! Dublin.ie: That’s quite some company you’re keeping there - but what do all you science guys have in common? Luke O’Neill: Science is trying to find stuff out. You can call it exploration, you can call it pioneering, frontier stuff because it’s all about making discoveries. We are explorers, that’s our job, that’s what attracted me to it. I wanted to see something nobody’s seen before. And in my case, luckily enough in my lab we probably had three big discoveries that made a big difference: we explored the immune system and saw things there for the first time. The next step is there’s a whole new pathway or process discovered - and of course the thrill would be if that was a dysfunction or a disease because then you might try and correct it. Once you find the enemy, you might be able to design a new medicine that might beat it. Dublin.ie: So you’re a biochemist and not an ordinary one? Luke O’Neill: I’m a bit of a schizophrenic! I was interested in chemistry anyway and biochemistry is chemistry writ large: if you want to understand something you’ve got to understand the chemical basis for things - and biochemistry is the basis for life. If we understand the chemicals of life wouldn’t that be a thrilling thing? One comparison is with genetics: geneticists don’t really go beyond the genes, you know – and I want to know the real fundamentals. Like genes makes proteins, but what do they do? I was always obsessed with true mechanism – the underlying mechanism, the very basics of how things work. I’ve always been obsessed with molecular things in a sense.

The Third Level: IADT - Dublin's Institute of Art, Design and Technology. Inside the walls, it's alive with ideas, creativity and a girl who hula-hoops!


The Third Level: IADT

IADT is Dublin’s Institute of Art Design and Technology and inside the walls, it’s alive with ideas, creativity - and a girl who hula-hoops every single day! The college is situated in Dún Laoghaire – Dublin’s picturesque coastal town - and it’s home to 2,300 students and staff. Being only 12km from the city centre means “the students have the option of hanging out in Dún Laoghaire or making the trip to the city centre” says Students’ Union president, Alice Hartigan. Conveniently, it’s on the 46A bus route, the one they voted Dublin’s favourite bus route of all time: check out the views from the top deck!