An introduction to the districts of Dublin The River Liffey flows through the centre of Dublin dividing it in two. Traditionally, the north side of the river was home to the city’s working class residents, while the south side was associated with Dublin’s middle and upper classes. However, this is changing as neighbourhoods like Smithfield, Stoneybatter and Clontarf to the north become gentrified. Today, the county would be more accurately described as having a west-east division. Although there isn’t any river drawing a line between the two areas, the east side of Dublin is generally considered to be more affluent – particularly along the coast.
There are plenty of options for getting from A to B in Dublin. It is a fairly compact city, which means walking and cycling are viable options.
You can walk from many of the city’s outlying districts to its centre in around 30 or 40 minutes. But the public transport in Dublin is pretty good too. It’s one of the benefits that comes with living in the city.
Getting around Dublin by bus
Dublin Bus connects most parts of the city through a network of over 100 routes. Go-Ahead Ireland, Dublin’s newest bus company, operates more than 20 routes around the city too. You’ll find a handy map of key city centre bus routes here.
Or, if you’re wondering how to reach the airport, you’ll find all the details in our guide on travelling to Dublin.
Dublin Bus services usually start at around 5.30am and end at 11.30pm. However, some 24 hour bus routes are being trialed and some Nite Link services are on offer too. You can download the app or check out the website to plan a journey or see real-time arrivals at your nearest stop.
It’s also worth noting that Bus Éireann and a variety of private coach services connect the city with the rest of the country.
Travelling by train
The DART is Dublin’s electric train system. It runs along the coast from Malahide and Howth in the north to Greystones in the south. On the way, it travels through the heart of Dublin passing above the congestion and traffic jams of the city centre.
At times, the passenger windows can offer scenic views of Dublin bay. But one of the biggest benefits of using the DART is that bicycles can be taken on board at off-peak travel times.
Trains run every 10 to 20 minutes from Monday to Saturday. Services start at around 6am and end at midnight. National and regional services run from Heuston Station, Connolly Station and Pearse Station in the city centre. For more route information, check out Irish Rail.
Getting around Dublin by tram
The Luas is the light rail system that connects Dublin’s suburbs to its core. There are two lines: the Green Line runs from Broombridge in the north to Brides Glen in the south and the Red Line runs from Saggart in the west to The Point in the east.
Trams run every five minutes at peak times and every 10-15 minutes at other times. The service runs from around 5:30am to 12:30am Monday to Friday, 06:30am to 12:30am on Saturdays and 07:00am to 23:00pm on Sundays and public holidays.
However, the last trams to certain stations are earlier. But, during the festive season, they usually run later. So it’s worth checking the timetables or real-time arrivals available through the app.
A Leap card is the best way to pay
The Leap card is the key to all of Dublin’s transport system. It’s the simplest and most cost-effective way to avail of Dublin’s public transport services and can be used on the train, tram, bus or to rent a Dublin Bike.
Leap card fares are up to 31% cheaper than single-purchase tickets. So if you commute to work each day via public transport, it can save you a lot.
You can top up your card every week in a shop or at a public transport ticket machine. Alternatively, you can register for a monthly or annual ticket.
Other transport options
Cycling in Dublin
The city’s bike-sharing scheme, Dublin Bike, is an easy and affordable way to travel the city without worrying about purchasing or storing your own bike. These communal bikes are available at strategic spots throughout Dublin. They’re near Luas stops, office blocks, tourist attractions and universities.
For a yearly subscription of €35, you can use any Dublin Bike as often as you like. The first 30 minutes of your journey are always free. But, after that, you’ll be charged based on the length of your journey.
Bike theft can be a problem in the city, so this is a safe option. But if you have access to a secure lock-up facility or want to cycle well beyond the boundaries of Dublin city centre, check out the Bike to Work scheme. This Government initiative encourages people to cycle to work by covering the cost of their bike.
There are cycle lanes across the city, although they’re not everywhere. But councils across the county are investing in more.
The number of dedicated cycling routes is on the rise too. Dublin’s canals have long been welcoming to cyclists but, more recently, the Blackrock to Sandycove cycle route has proved a success. A dedicated cycle route along Dublin’s River Liffey is underway too.
What about taxis?
If you need a lift quick, taxi apps like Lynk and Free Now are a handy option. You can also arrange a pick-up with your local taxi company over the phone. You’ll find taxi ranks dotted around the city too. But, if you see one in the street, you can always hail it down.
In Ireland, taxis can be any colour. But they all have an eye-catching yellow sign on their roof. If the light is on, it means they’re available to take a fare.
In Ireland, taxi services are highly regulated. Drivers need a special licence and insurance to operate and, for this reason, Uber doesn’t offer private car rides in the city.
So how much is a taxi in Dublin? This will depend on the length of the journey and the time of day – as well as some other factors. But you can use this handy taxi fare estimator to assess how much a journey will cost.
Driving in Dublin
After 12 months in Ireland, you may have to get an Irish driving licence. If this is the case, you could be able to exchange your current licence. But some people will have to go through the full application process.
In Dublin city centre, rush-hour traffic can be a problem for commuters. And although there are some public car parks and on-street parking, you usually have to pay for it.
Car parks typically charge between €2 and €4 per hour, while on-street parking can vary from 60c to €3.20 per hour. It’s worth noting that many city centre streets only charge for parking between 7:00am and 7:00pm. After that, it’s free. Just make sure to check the street signage, as other streets require payment 24 hours a day.
If you want to hire a car in Dublin, all the usual options are available – both at the airport and in the city centre. GoCar, which allows you to hire a car or van by the hour, is also popular among Dubliners.
Dublin city stretches across 115km², with the county itself covering 921km². While it’s not the biggest area, as Ireland’s capital city, it has a lot going on – which is why it’s split into four local authorities: Dublin City Council, Fingal County Council, South Dublin County Council and Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council.
Getting on the road in Ireland is relatively straightforward. You will, of course, need a licence. The NDLS is responsible for issuing driving licences in the Republic of Ireland. If you’ve got a vehicle, you’ll need to make sure that it’s taxed and insured too. Do I need to get an Irish driver’s licence? For EU & EEA licence holders Drivers with an EU or EEA member state licence need never change to an Irish licence. If they wish to exchange their licence for an Irish one, they need to do it within 10 years of their driver’s licence expiring. For other licence holders