A 15 minute boat ride from Howth on Dublin’s northside lies Ireland’s Eye, a beautiful and mostly untouched island.
The only signs of human activity are two structures: a Martello Tower and the ruins of a church. It’s a hive of activity otherwise; the wildlife on offer is incredible, notably the many species of nesting birds. The most spectacular natural feature is the huge freestanding rock called “the Stack”, at the northeastern corner of the island, which plays host to a large variety of seabirds, including thousands of guillemots, razorbills, fulmars and gulls. There’s even a few breeding pairs of puffins. Grey seals are abundant in the sea around the island too.
Around 700 AD, three monks established Cill Mac Neasáin church on the island. They were the three sons of Nessan, a prince of the Royal House of Leinster. They created a holy manuscript copy of the four Gospels called the Garland of Howth, which is now preserved in Trinity College.
In the late 9th Century, Vikings attacked the island. They returned again in the 10th Century to destroy Cill Mac Neasáin, and only a small part of the structure now remains, surrounded by ferns and hogweed. It ceased to function as a church in the 13th century; all monastic activities were relocated to the mainland, at St. Mary’s Abbey in Howth.
In 1803, the second man made structure was built, the imposing Martello Tower on the island’s northwest corner. The Duke of York hoped it would repel an invasion from Napoleon. There are two other towers built on the mainland at Howth for the same purpose.
Beyond the tower are a few small beaches, where you’re likely to see curious seals who nest at the southern tip of the island
The island’s most infamous episode occurred in September 1852. William Burke Kirwan was an artist living in Dublin who visited Howth with his wife, Maria. Local boatmen took the couple to the island and left them there for the afternoon. It was said that Kirwan was planning to do some painting, while his wife bathed on one of the island’s idyllic beaches. When the boatmen returned to collect the couple, Maria was missing.
William searched the island with a boatman and discovered her body washed up on rocks. An initial autopsy concluded she had drowned. However, it subsequently emerged that William was living a double life with a different woman, with whom he had children. Infidelity was quite the scandal in Georgian Dublin and William was arrested on suspicion of murder a month after his wife’s death. The evidence against him was mostly circumstantial including pier-goers in Howth who had heard screams from the island. He was found guilty and sentenced to death but, following the Lord Lieutenant’s intervention, this was reduced to life penal servitude. He would spend 27 years of his sentence and leave for America on release.
If you’re taking a trip out these days, you’ll likely meet Ken Doyle of Ireland’s Eye Ferries on the West Pier. His family have been running tours to the island for 70 years. In 1947, Ken’s grandfather and father were out on a fishing boat off Howth, when a huge wave hit them, damaging the boat. It was sinking and drifting down the coast towards Wicklow. With no flares or life jackets, they had to act fast. A larger boat was visible in the distance, so Ken’s grandfather poured petrol onto the decking and set in alight in order to catch the boat’s attention. Still the boat continued to sink, but help was on its way. “The boat sank as they stepped off and onto the other boat,” Ken said. “When they got back to the harbour, my grandfather said: ‘That’s it. I’m never fishing again. I’m doing tours to the island’. And we’ve been doing it ever since.”
Once you arrive at the island, you’ll see the Martello Tower. Beyond the tower are a few small beaches, where you’re likely to see curious seals who nest at the southern tip of the island. They’ll often follow you around the island from a distance, keeping an eye on things.